Français 8740: Le Roman français au Dix-neuvième siècle

Séminaire de Littérature Française du Dix-neuvième siècle

Sujet:
Autour de Rimbaud

Automne 1997: Le lundi et le mercredi 19h30 - 21h20, 0280 Manoogian


Prof. Charles J. Stivale
Manoogian 361, 577-0970/3002
e-mail: C_Stivale@wayne.edu
Heures de bureau: le lundi et le mercredi: 16h-18h et sur rendez-vous


Questions d'étude 4

I. "Le Voyage" de Baudelaire: Afin de pouvoir conclure notre discussion de cet auteur, considérez comment ce dernier poème (ajouté à l'édition de 1861) complète ce volume (cf. les thèmes et les images dont Baudelaire se sert).

II. L. Porter, The Crisis of French Symbolism, ch. 5 (pp.191-217)

1. (pp.191-195) In Rimbaud's early poetry, what is the poet's relation to his audience, and why does Porter consider this fundamental trait so important? Why does Porter cosnider Rimbaud to be a "highly dramatic poet" (193), and with what result? What forms of poetic expression does Porter consider Rimbaud to pursue? What is the purpose of Rimbaud's use of spoken expression?

2. (pp.195-201) What modes of self-defense does Rimbaud deploy? What axes does Porte define in order to describe the Romantic legacy? How does each axis apply to Rimbaud's poetry? How does Porter characterize Rimbaud's rapport with Nature, and how does this affect his poetic expression? What is the importance of self-contemplation and self-reading among Rimbaud's strategies?

3. (pp.201-209) Why does Porter single out "Les Etrennes des orphelins" for study, and what does the poem (and Porter's analysis) reveal about Rimbaud's strategies? What role does Nature play in this regard? What was the importance of Rimbaud's contact with T. de Banville in 1870, and what is the particular significance (according to Porter) of each section of the poem "Soleil et chair"?

4. (pp.209-217) According to Porter, what does Rimbaud accomplish with the "unmasking poems"? What evidence does Porter offer in saying that "Rimbaud's poetic development was continuous" (213)? How does Rimbaud subvert Romantic commonplaces? How does Rimbaud "test [the Poet's] identity . . . against the rival" (214)? Why does Porter consider "Les Assis" to be a particularly important example of this tendency?

III. Rimbaud, "La Lettre du 'Voyant'": A Paul Demeny, le 15 mai 1871, à partir de la page 304 dans Rimbaud (édition Fowlie). Voir aussi la lettre précédente à Georges Izambard (pp.302-304). Afin de discuter ces textes ensemble, notez les images et le vocubulaire qui ne vous ne paraissent pas tout à fait clairs, aussi bien que les diverses références.


Top

Return to Stivale page